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Hypomyces chrysospermus

Hypomyces chrysospermus - Fungi species | sokos jishebi | სოკოს ჯიშები

Hypomyces chrysospermus

Sporocarp
Fruiting body, a white, soon yellow, cottony layer overgrowing the surface of a host mushroom, usually a member of the Boletaceae. Three kinds of spores are produced during the life cycle, two asexual and one sexual. The sexual phase, seldom seen because the host has usually rotted beyond recognition, consists of perithecia, asci, and ascospores. The ascospores according to Rogers and Samuels are fusiform to lanceolate, unequally bicellular, 20-25 x 4-5 µm. Two types of asexual spores are produced:
1. elliptical, thin walled, smooth, hyaline, 8-12 x 3.5-5.0 µm.
2. round, spiny, yellow, 9-20 µm.

Habitat
Growing on boletaceous mushrooms, especially Boletus zelleri, B. chrysenteron and B. subtomentosus which fruit from early to late fall.

Edibility
Unknown.

Comments
Hypomyces chrysospermus is one of a small number of fungi included here that parasitize other fungi. The white, then yellow cottony growths which mummify members of the Bolete family are most common in wet years, but even then only a fraction of the available fruiting bodies are affected. Hypomyces microspermus, which also occurs in our area is very similar but differs in having spiny, round, asexual spores that are smaller than those of H. chrysospermus. It should be noted that while many mushrooms fall victim to various molds in age, only a few of these are Hypomyces species, i.e. forming a well developed cottony layer (a subiculum) with embedded reddish-brown perithecia.

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