Fungi Species Mushroom Images
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Amanita muscaria

Amanita muscaria - Fungi species | sokos jishebi | სოკოს ჯიშები

Amanita muscaria

Pileus
Cap 6-39 cm broad, rounded at first, then plane in age, surface viscid when moist; margin striate often with adhering partial veil fragments when young; cap red, usually with white warts but in one variety, yellow warts.

Lamellae
Gills adnexed to free, white to cream, edges roughened.

Stipe
Stipe white, 7-16 cm long, 2-3 cm thick, tapering to a bulbous base; partial veil membranous, breaking to form a superior skirt-like veil. Volva consisting of two to three concentric rings at the stipe base.

Spores
Spores 9-13 x 6.5-9.5 µm elliptical, smooth, nonamyloid. Spore print white.

Habitat
In the Bay Area, Amanita muscaria occurs under pines, especially Monterey and Bishop pine. Fruitings occur in early winter, and can be spectacular, with large groups or rings brightening the woods. The Fly Agaric shares the pine habitat with the much sought after King Bolete, Boletus edulis. Some mushroom hunters thus use Amanita muscaria as an indicator species.

Edibility
Toxic when raw. Contains ibotenic acid and muscimol.

Comments
With its bright red, sometimes dinner plate-sized caps, Amanita muscaria is one of the most striking of all mushrooms. The white warts that adorn the cap, white gills, well developed ring and distinctive volva of concentric rings separate the Fly Agaric from all other red mushrooms. There are several color varieties of A. muscaria in the U.S. ranging from red to orange, yellow and white, but only two occur commonly in the Bay Area, Amanita muscaria var. muscaria with a red cap and white warts, and A. muscaria var. flavivolvata, with a red cap and yellowish warts. Photo at top is variety flavivolvata.

Ganoderma brownii  - Fungi Species Helvella lacunosa - Fungi Species Tricharina gilva - Fungi Species
Black Chanterelle: Craterellus cornucopioides - Fungi Species Phellinus igniarius  - Fungi Species Oligoporus fragilis - Fungi Species
Clitopilus nitellinus - Fungi Species Agaricus diminutivus - Fungi Species Stropharia riparia - Fungi Species
Ramaria myceliosa - Fungi Species Brain Mushroom: Gyromitra esculenta - Fungi Species Hebeloma crustuliniforme - Fungi Species
Tricharina gilva - Fungi Species Chalciporus piperatus - Fungi Species Cystoderma fallax - Fungi Species
Mycena purpureofusca - Fungi Species Suillus megaporinus - Fungi Species Hygrophorus purpurascens - Fungi Species
Vascellum pratense - Fungi Species Bovista plumbea - Fungi Species Agaricus semotus - Fungi Species
Psathyrella hydrophila - Fungi Species Hygrophorus goetzii  - Fungi Species Geastrum fornicatum - Fungi Species

Copyright © 2012