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Coluber taeniatus taeniatus - Desert Striped Whipsnake

Coluber taeniatus taeniatus - Desert Striped Whipsnake - snake species | gveli | გველი

Coluber taeniatus taeniatus - Desert Striped Whipsnake

Nonvenomous
Considered harmless to humans.

Size

Adults are 24 - 67 inches long (61 - 170 cm.) hatchlings are about 14 inches long ( 36 cm.)

Appearance

A fast-moving snake with a long thin body and tail, a broad elongated head, large eyes, a slender neck, and smooth scales. Olive, blackish, brown or dark gray on top and cream below which becomes yellow or pink toward the tail. Grayish white or cream stripes runing lengthwise along the sides with narrow dark lines, often broken into dashes, running down the middle of the light stripes.

Behavior

A very fast-moving alert diurnal snake with good vision that is difficult to approach. Often crawls away very quickly when frightened, but when cornered will strike fiercely. Forages with the head elevated off the ground using vision more than scent to find prey. A good climber, often moving quickly through bushes.

Diet

Eats lizards, snakes, small mammals, birds and bird eggs, amphibians. Juveniles will eat insects.

Reproduction

Mates soon after emergencee in the spring. Males will engage in combat for access to females. Lays eggs in June and July which hatch in 2 - 3 months.

Range

In California, occurs from Siskiyou county, near the junction of the north and south forks of the Salmon river, east into the Great Basin region of the northeast corner, down the eastern side of the Sierra Nevada Mountains south into the Owens Valley and along the California Nevada border. Ranges farther north into Oregon, Eastern Washington and Idaho, and south and east into Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and extreme west Texas and south into Mexico. Occurs as high as 10,100 feet (3077 m) in the White Mountains.

Habitat

Occurs in open brushy country - desert scrub, sagebrush flats, mixed woodlands. Often found along the edges of rivers or ponds.

Taxonomic Notes

North American snakes formerly placed in the genus Masticophis have been changed to the genus Coluber based on a 2004 paper * by Nagy et al. Utiger et al. (2005, Russian Journal of Herpetology 12:39-60) supported Nagy et al. and synonymized Masticophis with Coluber. This has not been universally accepted. The most recent SSAR list has hinted that the genus Masticophis might be re-instated: "Burbrink (pers. comm.) has data to reject Nagy et al.’s hypothesis but we await publication of these data before reconsidering the status of Masticophis."

There is one other subspecies of Coluber taeniatus - C. t. ornatus - Central Texas Whipsnake, which occurs east of the range of C. t. taeniatus.

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