Snake Species Dinosaur species

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Diadophis punctatus pulchellus - Coral-bellied Ring-necked Snake

Diadophis punctatus pulchellus - Coral-bellied Ring-necked Snake - snake species | gveli | გველი

Diadophis punctatus pulchellus - Coral-bellied Ring-necked Snake

Mildly Venomous

Not considered dangerous to humans. With enlarged non-grooved teeth in the rear of the upper jaw and mild venom which may help to incapacitate small prey.

Size

8 - 34 inches long (20 - 87cm.) Most snakes of this subspecies are adult at about 11 - 16 inches (28 - 41 cm.)

Appearance

A small, thin snake with smooth scales. Gray, blue-gray, blackish, or dark olive dorsal coloring, with a pinkish-red or coral-colored underside that is unmarked or lightly speckled with black markings. The underside of the tail is a bright reddish orange. An orange band around the neck.

Behavior

Secretive - usually found under the cover of rocks, wood, bark, boards and other surface debris, but occasionally seen moving on the surface on cloudy days, at dusk, or at night.

When disturbed, coils its tail like a corkscrew, exposing the underside which is usually bright red. It may also smear musk and cloacal contents.

Diet

Eats small salamanders, tadpoles, small frogs, small snakes, lizards, worms, slugs, and insects. The mild venom may help to incapacitate prey.

Reproduction

Lays eggs in the summer, sometimes in a communal nest.

Range

This subspecies, Diadophis punctatus pulchellus - Coral-bellied Ring-necked Snake, is endemic to California, occuring along the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, where it intergrades with the Northwestern Ring-necked snake in the north, and the Monterey and San Bernardino Ring-necked snakes in the south.

The species Diadophis punctatus - Ring-necked Snake, has a very wide range, occuring along the entire east coast of the United States west to the Great Lakes and southwest from there through the Midwest into Arizona, with scattered isolated populations throughout most of the western states including the western half of California, Oregon west of the Cascades, and south central Washington.

Habitat

Prefers moist habitats, including wet meadows, rocky hillsides, gardens, farmland, grassland, chaparral, mixed coniferous forests, woodlands.

Taxonomic Notes

Many herpetologists no longer recognize the traditional morphologically-based subspecies of Diadophis punctatus, pending a thorough molecular study of the whole species. One ongoing study (Feldman and Spicer, 2006, Mol. Ecol. 15:2201-2222) has found all of the D. punctatus subspecies in California (except D. p. regalis) to be indistinguishable. It is likely that D. punctatus is composed of several distinct lineages that do not follow the geographic ranges of the subspecies.

Salvadora grahamiae grahamiae - Mountain Patch-nosed Snake | Snake Species  ARIZONA BLACK RATTLESNAKE  <br />   Crotalus cerberus | Snake Species Hypsiglena ochrorhyncha nuchalata - California Nightsnake | Snake Species
Pantherophis alleghaniensis - Eastern Ratsnake | Snake Species VARIABLE SANDSNAKE  Chilomeniscus stramineus | Snake Species CHIHUAHUAN NIGHTSNAKE  Hypsiglena jani | Snake Species
Thamnophis cyrtopsis cyrtopsis  - Western Black-necked Gartersnake | Snake Species Crotalus viridis nuntius  - Hopi Rattlesnake | Snake Species Diadophis punctatus modestus - San Bernardino Ring-necked Snake | Snake Species
Trimorphodon lambda - Sonoran Lyresnake | Snake Species Crotalus atrox - Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake | Snake Species SPECKLED RATTLESNAKE<br />  Crotalus mitchellii | Snake Species
MEXICAN HOG-NOSED SNAKE <br />  Heterodon kennerlyi | Snake Species Crotalus oreganus oreganus - Northern Pacific Rattlesnake | Snake Species Rena humilis humilis - Southwestern Threadsnake | Snake Species
Salvadora hexalepis hexalepis - Desert Patch-nosed Snake | Snake Species Heterodon nasicus kennerlyi - Mexican Hog-nosed Snake | Snake Species HOODED NIGHTSNAKE  Hypsiglena  | Snake Species
Coluber flagellum flagellum - Eastern Coachwhip | Snake Species SMITH'S BLACK-HEADED SNAKE <br /> Tantilla hobartsmithi | Snake Species RING-NECKED SNAKE <br /> Diadophis punctatus | Snake Species

Copyright © 2012