Yellow-billed Cardinal: Native to South America and increasing in numbers on Hawaii, has bright red head, black upperparts and incomplete white collar that nearly meets at the back of the neck. White underparts, black chin and throat. Yellow bill, legs and feet are brown-pink. Undulating flight.
Range and Habitat
Yellow-billed Cardinal: Introduced to the island of Hawaii. They are common on the Kona Coast. Native to Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina. They are usually found in shrubs and open areas near marshes, lakes, and rivers. They are also found on the edges of woodlands and forests.
Despite its name it is not closely related to birds in the Cardinal family.
The Yellow-billed Cardinal was first described in 1837 by French naturalist Orbigny and French ornithologist Lafresnaye.
The Yellow-billed Cardinal has a large range, estimated globally at 1,200,000 square kilometers. It is primarily found in the United States, Brazil, Bolivia, Uruguay, and Paraguay. This bird prefers Shrubland and Wetland ecological systems, though it can reside in heavily degraded former forests. The population of the bird has not been determined but the species is described as common in many areas The Yellow-billed Cardinal does not currently meet the criteria for the IUCN Red List and has an evaluation level of Least Concern.