Rock Pigeon: Large, highly variably colored dove; wild form has gray body, dark blue-gray head, neck, breast, and white rump. Wings are gray with two black bars. Tail is gray and rounded with dark terminal band. Forages on ground, eats grass, seeds, grains, clover and berries. Swift direct flight.
Range and Habitat
Rock Pigeon: Native to Eurasia; introduced and established in most of North America from central Canada southward. Found in agricultural lands, open shrub, and urban areas.
The Rock Pigeon can be found in western and southern Europe, North Africa and South Asia. This species has a rather large range, and may be found in pairs during breeding seasons. Natural habitats for this species include cliffs on coastlines. Some populations have been introduced in North America and Ireland. Nests are typically built on a ledge that is manmade or natural, but are well-hidden. These birds feed on the ground on seeds and insects, and are commonly found roosting in colonies on walls and statues. The conservation rating of the Rock Pigeon is Least Concern.
The Rock Pigeon has been associated with humans for over 5,000 years and it is nearly impossible to establish a historical range.
Also called the Domestic Pigeon, Homing Pigeon, Rock Dove and even winged rat, the Rock Pigeon has both its supporters and detractors.
They have been bred domestically for color morphs, for food (called squab), and even for their homing abilities.
A group of pigeons has many collective nouns, including a "band", "dropping", "loft", "passel" and "school" of pigeons.