Bufflehead: Small diving duck, mostly white with glossy green-black to purple-black head and back. Head has large white patch behind eye. The wings are dark with white patches visible in flight. Feeds on aquatic plant seeds and insects, larvae, and snails. Swift direct flight with rapid wing beats.
Range and Habitat
Bufflehead: Breeds in Alaska and in Canada east to western Quebec, and south in the mountains to Washington and Montana. Spends winters along the Atlantic to northern Florida and across the southern U.S., and south to Mexico and the Gulf coast. Preferred habitats include lakes, ponds, saltwater bays, and estuaries.
The Bufflehead was first described in 1758 by Carolus Linnaeus, Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist.
They nest almost exclusively in holes excavated by Northern Flickers and, on occasion, by Pileated Woodpeckers.
Unlike many ducks, it is mostly monogamous, often remaining with the same mate for several years.
A group of ducks has many collective nouns, including a "brace", "flush", "paddling", "raft", and "team" of ducks.